Citric Acid; Potassium Citrate; Sodium Citrate Oral SolutionBrand Names: Cytra-3, Polycitra, Polycitra-LC, Tricitrates, VIRTRATE
What is this medicine?
CITRIC ACID; POTASSIUM CITRATE; SODIUM CITRATE (SIH trik AS id; poe TASS ee um SIH trayt; SOE dee um SIH trayt) makes the urine more alkaline or less acidic. This helps prevent some kidney stones. It is also used to treat metabolic acidosis, a condition in some people with kidney problems.
How should I use this medicine?
Take this medicine by mouth with a full glass of water. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Shake well before using. Use a specially marked spoon or dropper to measure each dose. Ask your pharmacist if you do not have one. Household spoons are not accurate. Take this medicine with food. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take it more often than directed. Do not stop taking except on your doctor's advice.
Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for selected conditions, precautions do apply.
What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?
Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:
- allergic reactions like skin rash, itching or hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
- signs and symptoms of increased potassium like muscle weakness; chest pain; or fast, irregular heartbeat
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
- nausea, vomiting
- stomach pain
What may interact with this medicine?
Do not take this medicine with any of the following medications:
- sodium polystyrene sulfonate
This medicine may also interact with the following medications:
- certain diuretics like spironolactone, triamterene
- certain medicines for high blood pressure, heart problems like digoxin, enalapril, lisinopril
- potassium supplements including salt substitutes
What if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.
Where should I keep my medicine?
Keep out of the reach of children.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F). Protect from excessive heat and freezing. Keep the container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.
What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
- Addison's disease
- heart disease
- high levels of potassium in the blood
- irregular heartbeat
- kidney disease
- low sodium diet
- trouble making urine
- an unusual or allergic reaction to citric acid, potassium citrate, sodium citrate, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
- pregnant or trying to get pregnant
What should I watch for while using this medicine?
Visit your doctor for regular check ups. You may need blood work done while you are taking this medicine.
You may need to be on a special diet while you are taking this medicine. Talk to your doctor about the foods that you eat and the vitamins that you take. Also, ask your doctor how much fluid you need to drink.
Check with your doctor or health care professional if you get an attack of severe diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, or if you sweat a lot. The loss of too much body fluid can make it dangerous for you to take this medicine.